Finally, December 15, 1999 – in a pioneering judgment in the Minaxi Zaverbhai Jethwa v. Case of the state of Gujarat, where the agreements of Maitri Karar were cancelled from the start! Maitri karar was a way to circumvent the restriction of Hindu marriage law. For Hindu men who wanted to legitimize several women, this was a way out. At the time, homosexuality was illegal. «But the Maitri Karar means «a contract of friendship,» says Sharma. It doesn`t say relationship anywhere.» Over the years, she says, many same-sex couples have made such agreements. In 2016, an interfaith heterosexual couple from Banaskantha, Gujarat, entered a Maitri Karar to replace the marriage, because none of them wanted to change their religion. Sharma says her organization used such contracts in court proceedings where one of the partners` parents forced them to marry. «It helped us get judgments in our favor,» she adds. To ensure that there will be no questions about the paternity of the child, a master karar will often say that any child born while the agreement is in force is raised and cared for by man. Dinesh Desai, a lawyer: «Master karar can be an extralelar agreement with few real benefits for the woman, but a real advantage is that the children born from the relationship are cared for because they know who they are arguing for. By. Despite the growing popularity of the Karar accords, public opinion in the city is very against contracts. By claiming that the treaty is only an insignificant palliative remedy for gullible women, women`s groups have launched active campaigns against it. The practice, Sharma adds, has spread «like a Chinese whisper about how secrets are transmitted.» But he also drew the ire of women`s rights groups.
Shobha Saxena, author of Crimes Against Women And Protective Laws, writes: «This contract is simply a scam to a woman who doesn`t know it`s not a marriage at all. This agreement cannot be implemented. The woman cannot do anything if the man withdraws from the contract. Sharma never married the woman with whom he lived, since she remains together on a contractual basis, stipulated in the registered support contract they entered into between them. Similarly, Narendra Solanki, a Harijan mother of three, entered into a camaraderie contract with a single man whom she fell in love with. They live a happy life in an overcrowded part of the city without the intervention of their separated husband. Features: Examples of similar connections are available throughout Ahmedabad. Instead of starting or waiting for cumbersome divorce proceedings, the people of Ahmedabad opt for a contract known as master karar.
The document is nothing more than a promise of friendship and community between a man and a woman, at least one of whom is already married. In addition, a master karar includes a commitment of the man to take care of his partner and to support him financially. Each agreement is tailored to the specific needs of the people who make it, but there are a number of things in common. Each agreement defines in detail the context and marital status of the lovers, and both parties state that they know each other`s ancestors and that they chose the relationship of their own free will. Some karas are even specific about the amount that the man will pay for the maintenance of his partner. Some agreements even manage to reflect the nature of the relationship between the signatories. Public opinion: Commonly known as the «well-maintained woman`s contract» in Ahmedabad, the master karar has more than promises of eternal love. An essential element of most agreements is a clause that provides for illegitimate descendants of such an association. «If, in the course of our accompaniment, we make love together,» said a euphemistic agreement, «and if from this upbringing to love a offspring is born, we are co-responsible for that child.»