Read also: Will Boris Johnson sink the UK`s Brexit withdrawal deal? 3.Under Section 13 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, the House of Lords is required to «take note» of the agreement, while the House of Commons must give its approval if the agreement is to be ratified. The government had originally scheduled these debates on the same day as the documents submitted on Saturday, October 19, 2019, but while the House of Lords passed a motion, the House of Commons voted in favour of amending the application for the adoption of the agreement, which stated that the House of Commons «retains approval, unless the implementing legislation is passed.» The government then introduced the Withdrawal Agreement (Eup) 5 Act, article 32 of which would have abolished the requirements of Section 13 of the 2018 Act. Section 31 of the revised bill, published on December 19, 2019, is again intended to repeal Section 13 of the 2018 Act, while section 32 would waive the requirements for parliamentary oversight of the 2010 Constitutional Reform and Governance Act. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows.
The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies.