The main building, which houses the UNESCO headquarters, is located on 3 November 1958 in The Place de Fontenoy in Paris. The Y-shaped design was invented by three architects of different nationalities under the direction of an international committee. Nicknamed the «three-pointed star,» the entire building is placed on seventy-two columns made of concrete pillars. It is famous all over the world, not only because it is home to a well-known organization, but also because of its exceptional architectural qualities. Three other buildings complete the headquarters. The second building, affectionately called the accordion, houses the egg-shaped room with a pleated copper blanket where the plenary sessions of the General Conference take place. The third building is cube-shaped. Finally, a fourth building consists of two floors of offices dug below street level, around six small submerged courtyards. The buildings, which contain many remarkable works of art, are open to the public.
Once the architectural plans for the Fontenoy Square site were approved, UNESCO commissioned a number of leading artists to create works that adorn the future premises. In some cases, works must also invoke the peace that the institution has tried to establish and preserve throughout the world. Over the years, other works have been acquired. Some of them have been donated to the organisation by different Member States. Picasso, Bazaine, Miro, Tapies, Le Corbusier and many other well-known and unknown artists have their place in this universal museum that recreates the diversity of artistic creation around the world. During the forum, UNESCO also organized two side events on biodiversity and water and capacity building. For more information, see www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco-liaison-office-in-new-york/about-this-office/single-view/news/unesco_at_the_2018_third_annual_science_technology_and_inno/. Culture: the five cultural heritage conventions are well placed to support the achievement of SDG 11 for cities, in particular Goal 4 for the protection and conservation of cultural and natural heritage. The 1972 World Heritage Convention will focus on key development issues, such as climate change, sustainable tourism, inclusion and justice. Conventions on cultural heritage should also play an important role in supporting the achievement of SDG 4`s objective 7 on the assessment of cultural diversity, in particular the 2003 Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage, through its cross-sector cooperation with the education sector. The 1970 Convention on Illicit Trade provides SDG 16 with Objective 4 for the recovery and restitution of stolen assets and for the fight against organised crime. Finally, the 2005 Convention on the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, article 13 of which contains the explicit objective of integrating culture into development policy, is well placed.
Its global monitoring framework, tested during the previous quadrennium, demonstrated that the parties contribute to several SDGs in the adoption of Convention-inspired policies, including SDG 5 Target v.